Clay Reproduction Clay Oil Lamp
Oil lamps have been used since the dawn of civilization (first appearing in the Chalcolithic Ae, 4500 -3300 BC). Oil lamps were not only used for lighting a household but also for funerary and religious purposes. Although the design has varied over the centuries. The general construction principle and method of use has remained the same. A wick is placed into the nozzle and extends down into the fuel chamber. The oil slows down the consumption of the material of the wick. The wick was made of various materials, including linen, flax, and papyrus. A narrower wick was more desirable as it burned less fuel, yet didn’t greatly affect the size of the flame. Most lamps had only one nozzle, although there can be numerous nozzles on one lamp (even up to twenty!).
Before the invention of the potter’s wheel in the Middle Bronze Age, lamps were made by hand. An early form of the potter’s wheel was invented and introduced in the Middle Bronze Age and used to manufacture lamps until around the 3rd century BC. The use of molds was first developed in Greece and Egypt during the 3rd century BC. In Roman times, stone clay, or plaster molds were utilized on a large scale across the Roman Empire until around the 8th century AD.